The Incheon Declaration,
Road Map and Action Plan (REMAP) :
Two Year Progress Report

Background

The Incheon Declaration focuses directly on the critical issue of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) into development. It was signed at the ministerial level in October 2010 by 53 countries and includes a detailed two and five year REMAP.



Progress

The REMAP focuses on three themes: raising awareness and building capacity for DRR and CCA; developing and sharing information, technology, sound practices, and lessons learned; and promoting integration of DRR and CCA into development for green growth. The most significant progress has been made on theme 1 with awareness related initiatives and technology capacity building for multi-hazard early warning systems, emergency response and disaster management showing great progress in many countries of Asia-Pacific. This progress at the national level now needs to be more broadly replicated at the local/community levels. Some progress has been made on theme 2, particularly with multi-hazard risk assessments and data portals and now needs to be more broadly replicated. Least progress has been made on theme 3 at both national and local levels but promising initiatives are underway (including national platforms, mainstreaming guidance and selected sectoral integration) and the theme is becoming a very important emerging area. The REMAP review has also highlighted the following critical issues for Ministerial action.

Accountability

Accelerating the momentum of mainstreaming DRR and CCA into development requires greater clarity of accountabilities and roles and responsibilities among key ministries and agencies. In many countries, ministries are now beginning to discuss respective roles and responsibilities in the context of existing mechanisms such as national platforms. But insufficient leadership and guidance is constraining progress. In view of the urgency of making of making rapid progress on the mainstreaming agenda, it is proposed that: Ministers request their heads of state to play a lead role in delineating accountabilities and responsibilities for the mainstreaming of DRR and CCA into development; Ministers should also stress that technical support will be available to line ministries for more effective integration of DRR and CCA into development.

Scaling Up Through Partnerships

Although most progress on the mainstreaming agenda has been made at the national level, many good, needs-based examples of integration have emerged at grass-roots and city levels, involving partnerships with NGOs, local governments, and international organizations. But these encouraging examples are still relatively few and scattered and have yet to move beyond the pilot stage due to insufficient resources, monitoring and links to national strategies. Partners are interested in scaling up these initiatives in cooperation with national governments and financial resources can be mobilized through active partnerships. In this context it is proposed that: Ministers encourage good practices to be better documented and replicated through building strong partnerships with all stakeholders and drawing on specialized funds and eventually on regular development resources.



Korea emphasized the importance of climate change response at the 3rd AMCDRR (Malaysia, 2008).

After being selected as the host country for 4th AMCDRR, Korea suggested to focus on ‘climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction’ as the theme of 4th AMCDRR at ISDR Asia Partnership in March 2009. After having many discussions with many countries and partners at the 2009 Nepal International Disaster Risk Reduction Conference and 2nd IAP meeting in Thailand (2009), the main theme of 4th AMCDRR had been decided as “Disaster Risk Reduction through Climate Change Adaptation” and three sub-themes were finalized.

At the 1st IAP meeting in March 2010, sub-themes and special sessions for the 4th AMCDRR were confirmed. In addition, ‘Disaster Action Plan in response to climate change’ was consulted.
Detailed agenda for 4th AMCDRR was finalized during the Incheon Meeting at Songdo, August 2010. Incheon REMAP was declared at the 4th AMCDRR, 2010 based on key issues discussed and raised by participant countries and partners.



Success Indicators (Priority for 2 years)

The road map is divided into initiatives that are of priority and can be achieved in the next 2 years and initiatives that can be undertaken in the next 5 years. Any of the initiatives can start at any time during the period of the roadmap.The objective of the roadmap is: “By 2015, establish climate resilient disaster risk management (DRM) systems that contribute to sustainable development at regional, national, sub-national and community levels” With the following proposed indicators of success (Priority for 2 years)

  • 01

    National Governments

    5 countries with climate resillient national development(PRSPs, CAS, UNDAF, 5-year development plans, sector plans, post disaster plans), community and local authorities, and use plans, city development plans, spatial plans

  • 02

    Partners and Governments

    A masters degree equivalent training program or certificate program for national and local govenment officials in place on DRRCCA provided by partners at the regional level

    10 programs in place for exchange and sharing technical expertise and technology on buliding climate resilience

  • 03

    Partners

    100% of regional partners have coordinating mechanism in place for joint DRR-CCA programming



This session highlights key achievements of Incheon REMAP.

identifies lessons learned and insights to promote regional cooperation on disaster risk reduction through climate change adaptation in Asia during the first two years.

Manu Gupta has researched on the key findings, and strategy for monitoring and facilitating implementation based on the basis of tracking Incheon REMAP.
the analysis of two year progress of Incheon REMAP based on success indicators presented at the Second ISDR Asia Partnership (IAP) Meeting is depicted.
it scrutinized the two year progress on Incheon REMAP. As a result, it has been developed into a two year progress report


Key findings, Strategy for monitoring and
facilitating implementation (Manu Gupta, March, 2012)

UNISDR Office in Incheon for Northeast Asia and Global Education and Training Institute for Disaster Risk Reduction (ONEA-GETI) initiated a project to facilitate the implementation of Incheon REMAP. This project aims to (i) highlight key achievements of Incheon REMAP; (ii) determine lessons learned and insights for better implementation and (iii) make recommendations for the 5th AMCDRR.

This report has been written in two parts: The first part highlights the key achievements of the Incheon REMAP based on literature survey and research available through HFA Reports and the DRR Project Portal. The second part of this report discusses a strategy for monitoring and facilitating implementation of the REMAP.

The second part of the report provides an initial discussion on a proposed strategy to monitor the progress and facilitate the implementation of the Incheon REMAP. It draws extensively from lessons learnt during the literature surveys (Part 1 of the report) and suggestions, review of similar works available globally. The proposed strategy has been expected to be followed up over the next few months intensively, to be able to arrive at concrete results on the state of progress before the 5th Asian Ministerial Meeting for Disaster Risk Reduction, to be held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia in October, 2012.

Part I : Key Achievements of Incheon Remap

Carrying out Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) through climate change adaptation is a new area of work for Asia and the Pacific. Even though, the region has suffered severely among the worst losses due to climate related hazards, efforts to reduce such risks have been limited. This is corroborated by a very low level of achievement as well as limited correlation between the Incheon outcome and relevant activities in the region.

Emphasis on capacity building and training activities in CCA and DRR : Projects studied under the various thematic areas revealed that most pertained to building capacity, awareness generation and training. This is a good beginning on an issue that is still to be understood among all sectors. Lack of technical expertise and human resources within countries are evident. This could be one of the reasons for low level of translation of capacity building exercises into action to be able to reduce disaster related losses.

Mainstreaming still low on agenda : Most of the information referred to in the current study is sourced from agencies that primarily tasked with disaster risk management activities in their countries. Very few examples of mainstreaming were found wherein active collaboration and coordination have taken place between agencies working on disaster risk management and climate change. Policies and programmes under the two institutions remain largely indifferent to each other.

National ? Local gaps remain : In carrying out this study, it was found that while a number of projects have been carried out at local level, they remain disconnected to national policies and programmes. Conversely, several national level initiatives do not seem to be percolating to sub-national and local levels. National and local gaps raise questions on institutionalization, sustainability and therefore long term impact of initiatives.

Political commitments are not translating into greater investments - especially in most vulnerable regions : Low level of progress on Incheon and previous AMCDRR declarations question the purpose and credibility of such exercises. Unless tied into long-term institutional arrangements and firm commitments by donor organizations, such declarations

Part II : Developing a strategy for monitoring and facilitating implementation of Incheon REMAP

Considering factors described in the preceding sections, a strategy for tracking progress and facilitating implementation would entail the following.

Create a standing core group for AMCDRR : With IAP as the platform, a smaller core-group may be created to serve as the Secretariat for AMCDRR. This group can promote and monitor the AMCDRR process and regularly report back to the IAP. Reports, UNDAF etc were used. Through this report the process has been initiated for eight countries.

Country-wise study in-depth study of available literature : During the process of preparing a status update for this report, the study team found useful and relevant information in documents such as the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), DRR Project Portal, HFA Monitor, and Country Assessment. This effort needs to be continued for all participating countries.

Special sessions in National Platform meetings : To start with, National Platform meetings in 11 countries could be organized as special sessions to review and promote the AMCDRR process. Other meetings such as the Community Based Adaptation would serve as useful avenues for promoting the AMCDRR.

Frontline check : AMCDRR outcomes would be better informed to shape their plans and programming if regular ‘independent’ information is available from the frontlines. Such information may not be limited purely to hazards, risks and vulnerabilities; rather be supported by programme related challenges and opportunities.

Higher resolution indicators for monitoring progress : Based on ‘Theory of Change’ principles, the existing set of indicators available in the REMAP and Action Plan may be further refined, refreshed and contextualized for improved monitoring. Fresh and independent monitoring though desired, is impractical considering existing reporting mechanisms such as the HFA Monitor. The indicators should build on existing information available through ongoing reporting mechanisms. Inc country consultations using similar indicators, would further help identify enabling/disabling factors in implementation.

Knowledge based networking : Knowledge networking and creating Communities of Practice would build on existing platforms such as the DRR Project Portal. A short four week discussion within the IAP group was carried out in April and August 2011 and elicited a fair level of response.

Joint programming : With the help of partners, joint programming and projects may be taken up as a follow up of the Incheon outcome. Such implementation projects should be of adequate scale to be able to produce tangible benefits for targeted communities. New initiatives or existing works may be taken up as ‘learning based action’ projects and reported on a continuous basis at the IAP and AMCDRR platforms. Adequate resource support may be mobilized to enhance existing or invest in new initiatives.

Evaluation of current implementation: Independent evaluation of currently implemented activities would improve decision making and call for modifications/revisions to the Incheon Action Plan.

Improved accountability : Several new initiatives are announced at the IAP and AMCDRR but often poor follow-up on commitments are made by participating agencies and partners that leads to erosion of interest and credibility of the process. Session leads and side-event organizers must be able to commit follow up on actions in consultation with the conference organizers.

Create an Asian dashboard : Building on the GAR and APDR process, a dynamic system available both ‘on’ and ‘off’ line may be created that can monitor changing nature of risks and vulnerabilities and emerging threats as well as opportunities based on real events happening in Asia. Such a ‘real-time’ format will improve quality of leadership and decision making in the region.



Data collecting for progress analysis on Incheon REMAP

The roadmap aims to promote regional cooperation on disaster risk reduction through climate change adaptation in Asia. Taking a climate risk management approach, the three main themes for this road map are :

  • 01

    Raising Awareness and Building Capacity for DRR & CCA

    Strengthen education / Training program for DRR and CCA

    Improve our existing practices and institutional tools

  • 02

    Developing and Sharing Information, Technology, Sound Practices, and Lesson Learned in Climate and Disaster Risk Management

    Build a “Platrorm for Sharing Information and Technoligical Development”

    Promote Sharing sound Practices for DRR & CCA and Lessons from large disasters

  • 03

    Promoting Integration of DRR & CAA into Development for Green Growth

    Make “Policy guideline for development considering DRR & CCA”

    Promote integration of DRR & CCA in urban development and land ues planning

Theme Classification and Monitoring Site

Three key themes for Incheon Roadmap have been classified into seven different types as shown in the chart below.

Raising Awareness and Building Capacity for DRR & CCA Incresing awareness
Building capacity
Developing and Sharing Information, Technology, Sound Practices, and Lesson Learned in Climate and Disaster Risk Management Sharing information / technology
Prevention(CCA/DRR) technology
Practices / Lessons Learned
Promoting Integration of DRR & CAA into Development for Green Growth Integration of DDR & CCA
Green grouth

In order to monitor and track the Action Plans of the 4th AMCDRR, related information have been collected from the following sites : “PreventionWeb”, “DRR Project Portal”, “ADRRN”, “DRR GATEWAY”, “CSSTEAP” and other sites.

Third, it scrutinized the two year progress on Incheon REMAP. As a result, it has been developed into a two year progress report



* Results are shown in the appendix.

Success Indicators (Priority for 2 years) and Monitoring Site

The road map is divided into initiatives that are of priority and can be achieved in the next 2 years; and initiatives that can be undertaken in the next 5 years. Any of the initiatives can start at any time during the period of the roadmap.The objective of the roadmap is: “By 2015, establish climate resilient disaster risk management (DRM) systems that contribute to sustainable development at region.

  • 01

    National Governments

    5 countries with climate resillient national development(PRSPs, CAS, UNDAF, 5-year development plans, sector plans, post disaster plans), community and local authorities, and use plans, city development plans, spatial plans

  • 02

    Partners and Governments

    A masters degree equivalent training program or certificate program for national and local govenment officials in place on DRRCCA provided by partners at the regional level

    10 programs in place for exchange and sharing technical expertise and technology on buliding climate resilience

  • 03

    Partners

    100% of regional partners have coordinating mechanism in place for joint DRR-CCA programming

Third, it scrutinized the two year progress on Incheon REMAP. As a result, it has been developed into a two year progress report



Second ISDR Asia Partnership Meeting

On August 7-9, 2012, the 2nd IAP meeting was convened in Indonesia to review HFA monitor and prepare for 5th AMCDRR. It was hosted by UN ISDR and BNPB Indonesia along with participants from 22 Asian countries and 32 international organizations. At this meeting, disaster management exercise planning for climate change response and two year progress of Incheon REMAP were presented.

Tracking Achievements

Asian-Pacific member countries and regional partners have been actively committed to establishing climate resilient development system by enhancing disaster risk reduction (DRR) through climate change adaptation (CCA) during the agreed period at the 4th AMCDRR (2010~2012). The overall objective of Incheon REMAP has been achieved but several areas still remain as challenges. Objectives include success indicators presented by Incheon REMAP shown in the table below. Targets to be achieved during two year according to the success indicators and to be activated are shown below.

There is an urgent need of enhancing information & technology sharing and mainstreaming DRR initiative. The quality of disaster management through developing and sharing technology and expertise are improving. Mainstreaming DRR into national development planning strategy should be further emphasized and practiced. Disaster risk management should be shifted from Top-down to Bottom-up Approach. Technology innovation including social network has resulted in the innovation of social systems. Facilitating DRR into local level disaster management based on bottom-up concept is needed. Moreover, bridging over gaps between political commitments and practical DRR is necessary. Institutional arrangement and training programs should further be established systematically.

Recommendations for 5th AMCDRR

Focusing on the implementation towards Advanced DRR Strategy. Developing practical plans to exchange and share expertise and technology. Utilizing innovative social network technology into DRR.

Removing gaps between national-local DRR. Seeking DRR mechanisms based on bottom-up approach. Training experts for national initiatives to percolating to local levels .

Bridging over the gaps between political commitments and practical projects. Creating opportunities to meet and discuss on DRR activities and issues. with political leaders, practical managers and related stakeholders.

Strengthening M&E system of the AMCDRR outcomes. Considering the core reference group establishment for the 1st ~5th AMCDRR. Synthetic analysis of the progress in DRM systems through AMCDRR.

Enhancing the integration of DRR and CCA into national and local developments. Developing a standard guideline for mainstreaming initiatives for the AP region. Linking the guideline development with on-going projects of UN country teams. Improving capacity development for mainstreaming initiatives.



The Incheon Declaration,
Road Map and Action Plan (REMAP) :
Two Year Progress Report

In October 2010, the 4th Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) endorsed the Incheon Declaration, Regional Road Map and Action Plan (REMAP) on Disaster Risk Reduction through Climate Change Adaptation. Two years later, the 5th AMCDRR provides a valuable opportunity to take stock of the progress that has been made in implementing the REMAP as well as the changing international and regional context and emerging challenges and opportunities. In this regard, this report begins by reviewing the increasing international, regional and national focus on DRR and climate change adaptation (CCA) and the need for their integration into development. It then goes on to assess the progress made in implementing the Incheon REMAP. Finally the report makes a number of specific recommendations for consideration by Ministers at the 5th AMCDRR.



Summary of Progress Themes.

This brief review of progress on implementation of the Incheon REMAP suggests that a lot of work is underway in this newly emerging area of DRR and CCA integration into development. However, overall progress to date has been variable. With respect to the Action Plan itself, most progress has been made under the first theme of awareness raising and capacity building, with some progress on sharing lessons and information and less progress with respect to implementation of concrete actions for the actual integration of DRR and CCA into development. It is also apparent that implementation is proceeding more quickly at national than at local levels. While it is to be expected that awareness and capacity building actions as well as actions with respect to sharing information and technologies may need to precede direct work on the integration of DRR and CCA into development, and that national actions may precede local actions, it is important to accelerate action under the third theme of the REMAP at both national and local levels.

Indicators

The review of indicators of success suggests that many governments and partners are working on climate resilient national development plans at various levels, on increasing budgetary allocations to DRR and CCA activities, on boosting tertiary training programmes in these areas, and on increasing the sharing of information, technologies and best practices. However, without more specific information and analysis it is difficult to assess the real significance of all of this work.

Overall Progress

Overall it seems that the experience under the first two years of the REMAP is similar to the broader global experience. For example, the mid-term review of the HFA noted that “progress is indeed taking place in disaster risk reduction, especially from an institutional point of view, in passing of national legislation, in setting up early warning systems, and in strengthening disaster preparedness and response. Concerns remain about the lack of systematic multi-hazards risk assessments and early warning systems factoring in social and economic vulnerabilities, the integration of disaster risk reduction into sustainable development policies and planning at national and international level, and the still insufficient level of implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action at the local level”. This similarity of experience further increases the urgency of taking action at international, regional and national levels to step up the pace of implementation.