Title of the Case Study

Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami on Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

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Death Toll 30,196 people, Injured 16,556 People, Missing 3,853 People, Refugees 835,259 Peoples
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The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The shock had a moment magnitude of 9.1–9.3 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The undersea megathrust earthquake was caused when the Indian Plate was subducted by the Burma Plate and triggered a series of devastating tsunamis along the coasts of most landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000–280,000 people in 14 countries, and inundating coastal communities with waves up to 30 metres high. It was one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history. Indonesia was the hardest-hit country, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.

It is the third-largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph and had the longest duration of faulting ever observed, between 8.3 and 10 minutes. It caused the entire planet to vibrate as much as 1 centimetre and triggered other earthquakes as far away as Alaska.[11] Its epicentre was between Simeulue and mainland Indonesia.[12] The plight of the affected people and countries prompted a worldwide humanitarian response. In all, the worldwide community donated more than US$14 billion (2004) in humanitarian aid. The event is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake.

December 26, 2004 7:59 a.m. (local time), giant tsunami generated under 40km of the sea at west coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra
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■ Decision making process by the central government is complicated
■ Vulnerable interactive communication ways between central government and local administrations
■ Area's lack of administrative ability and capacity for local autonomy
■ Controversy over distribution of relief funds to Tamils and Sinhala
 
■ Groundwater Contamination
■ Damage of Coral, seaweed, mangrove forest, etc.
■ Soil contamination by sodium and crop damage
■ Process waste and structure remains
■ Loss of means of living based on ecosystem and natural resources such as fishery, agriculture.
 
  • Numerous people lost Identification cards, vehicle license, matrimony certificate, trial certificate, bank account records, etc. and lost legal status.
  • Department of Justice is reissuing identification and other key documents, but administrations lack administration power which victims will have to wait for a long time for restoration of legal status.
     
Decision Making

Rissia

Climatic Change

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Risk AssessmentDamage Analysisetc.

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Gathering and sharing informationPlanningDecision making and sharing

Opinion

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